According to insulation, there are anti-static, conductivity and insulation pallet.
1. Anti-static pallet, the surface resistance of 10 to the 6th power to 10 to the 9th power.
2. Conductivity, the surface resistance value is below 10 to the 6th power.
3. Insulation, surface resistance is above 10 to the 12th power.
According to texture:
- Wood pallet: made of wood or bamboo material, generally used for dressing handicrafts or for decoration.
- Metal pallet: The general texture is stainless steel, which is mostly used for placing items and does not move frequently.
- Plastic pallet: Because of its light texture, easy to use, and anti-skid function, it is mostly used in the service industry.
- Plastic wood: It is made of plastic wood composite material, which is widely used, energy saving and pollution reduction.
Classification standards, according to the pallet material, purpose, table, forklift entry method, and structure, there are various types of pallets. Especially on some occasions that require a fast operation, due to the high efficiency and safety of the pallet operation, various countries have developed a variety of special-purpose pallets.
For example, flat glass container pallet, special pallet for tires, long-size trays and oil drums, etc. It is precise because of the wide variety of pallets that have a wide range of applications and pivotal jointness.
In the efficiency of various logistics links such as loading and unloading, transportation, storage, transportation, and packaging, they are in a central position and have an important connection function Although the pallet is just a small appliance.
Its specification and size are the core of the packaging size, compartment size, and container unit size.
Only with the pallet size as the standard to determine the supporting specifications and serialization of packaging, truck cars, train cars, container boxes, etc., can the rationality and efficiency of loading, unloading, handling, storage, transportation, and packaging operations be more reflected. The size of the pallet also refers to the size of the container unit cargo.
The size of the container unit cargo is related to the size of the packaging unit, the size of the truck compartment, railroad car compartment, warehouse aisle, and shelf size, and even related to the logistics infrastructure, such as the construction structure, loading, and unloading of cargo handling places such as train stations, ports, and docks Standard size of handling equipment. Therefore, in a sense, the standardization of pallets is not only a prerequisite for pallet leasing, pallet circulation, and recycling but also a decisive factor for the mechanization and automation of loading and unloading, packaging, transportation, and storage operations.
Without the unification of pallet specifications and sizes, and the serialization standards of pallet-based related facilities, equipment, devices, tools, etc., only partial logistics can be rationalized, and it is difficult to achieve overall logistics rationalization.
Because of this, unifying the specifications of pallets to save logistics costs to a great extent has naturally become a common wish of the logistics industry. Nonetheless, because the standards of pallet specifications affect the economic interests of different regions and national groups, the balance of interests on the pallet issue is almost difficult to achieve in a short time.
Some pallet specifications that have been implemented in certain regions and countries have been It is impossible to compromise with each other. In this way, it is very difficult for ISO to unify the specifications of the global intermodal pallet. In the end, it can only be implemented for 1200 mm × 1000 mm, 1200 mm × 800 mm, 1219 mm × 1016 mm (48 inches × 40 inches), 1140 mm × 1140 mm, 1100 mm × 1100 mm, and 1067 mm × 1067 mm.
The specifications of 6 types of pallets are compatible and packaged in ISO 6780 “Main Dimensions and Tolerances of Intermodal Flat Pallets”. The specifications of the pallets are juxtaposed as universal international standards.